Cabinet approved New National Education Policy (NEP-2020) in July 2020. After a long gap of 34 years India brought a national policy on education. The aim of this National Education Policy is overhaul education in India.
In this policy guidelines given to achieve total literacy in India by the year 2030. Moreover, Constitution of India upholds separate provisions to the national education policy. At the same time, the provisions in the earlier also continued along with a new education policy.
Education policies in Indian Constitution
Central and state governments represent the education policies as stated in the constitution of India. Union territories also follow the same as per the Constitution.
Agreements of Constitution about education
Free and Compulsory Education
Till the age of 14 years Indian Government and its branches. As well as, all the states directed to implement free and compulsory education to all citizens. Article-45 enforces it to provide education till their age of 14 years from 1960. To implement it, all the Central, and State governments as well as union territories opened primary and secondary schools. In all the corners of the India. To avail education up to 14 years of every child.
Indian constitution Article-30 gives the cultural freedom at educational institutions. It supports Minorities to establish educational institutions. They can teach cultural and tradition also the religious, where applicable.
Moreover, Article -30 prevent discrimination in funding, grants, and other provisions to educational institutions by the minority communities.
Care of Native Language
Article -29(1) preserves the native language. Its identity and locality of usage and scripts.
Its mentioned in the Article -350 (B). States will appoint a local linguistic officer to conserve the language of a minority community.
More provisions of Constitution regarding Education
- Education to Socially, Economically, Educationally Backwards Classes
- Secular Education
- Guarantee of equal Education
- Medium of Instructions
- Education in Hindi
- Institutes of National Importance
- Women’s Education
As above, Constitution guided lot of sectors to satisfy in National Education policy. To reach the goal of Education to all.
Education Policies in India
As of now, the Education Policies of India not made immediately or randomly. Provisions of the constitution of India and other laws to abide by the time. Few or below.
- Anganwadi Workers (Employment &Welfare Act)
- Adult Education Policy
- Child Labor Act & Various Policies
- Right to Education Act-2009
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
- NCC Act and NSS Act
- Skill India
- NSF Tab program
- Beti Bahao- Beti Padhao & SSY
- Abolition of Capitation Fee
- E- Pathashala
- E- learning Courses by MEITy
Also read : TSPSC Online coaching for Group-2
National Education Policy 2019
Amid of COVID-19 in July 2020 Cabinet approved the Draft of National Education policy.
Main points of the new education Policy.
- Name of the Ministry of education renamed as Ministry of Human resources & development
- Education budget and expenditure increased to 20% more than now from 2020 to 2030.
- By the year 2025 Pre-primary education will universalize all over India
- The education system of 2+10+2 changed to 5+3+3+4, implemented for 3-18 years students
- Free and compulsory Education implemented strictly across India to ensure 100% admission
- Up to 8 years of students have 3 languages as a part of the curriculum
- Inclusion of classical languages and their literature suggested at school level
- An autonomous body of a nodal agency coordinate all the schools in India with states created
- A proposal of over 800 universities and 40,000 colleges turned into 15,000 multi-disciplinary institutions
- National research Foundation proposed two autonomous bodies to establish under an Act passed by Cabinet
Higher learning divided into 3 categories
1. Higher Education Institutions
2. Autonomous Degree Colleges
3. Teaching Universities
• All higher education institutions function as autonomous units. Governed by independent boards
• NEP aims providing flexibility of education, missing in old system. Students can choose their own learning pattern
• The NEP dissolves compartments between Science, Commerce and Arts
• NEP proposes holistic education among Science, Social sciences, Arts, Humanities, and Sports
Importance of National Education Policy-2019
India is a land of diversities. Therefore, a big number of education policies should not come as a surprise. The old-fashioned system of primary and secondary education system in India is out dated.
In conclusion, the National education Policy -2020 is an answer to all the problems of old system. To reform the education system in India, strong decisions made to bring a comprehensive educations policy.